MIT Reader, 2022

Anthony Downey ‘Calculating Skies: Topologies of Air and the Airspace Tribunal’

Journal of Digital War, 2020

Nick Grief, ‘The Airspace Tribunal and the case for a new human right to protect the freedom to live without physical or psychological threat from above’

This is a pre-print of an article published in the Journal of Digital War in October 2020. The final authenticated version is available online at

Online article
The Conversation, 2019

Nick Grief, Shona Illingworth, ‘We need a new human right – to protect our freedom to live without threat from the skies’.

Opinion article
European Human Rights Law Review, 2018

Nick Grief, Shona Illingworth, Andrew Hoskins and Martin A. Conway, ‘The Airspace Tribunal: Towards a New Human Right to Protect the Freedom to Exist Without Physical or Psychological Threat from Above’